What does “Fully vaccinated” means?

Last updated on 26 Sept

What counts as fully vaccinated

‘Fully vaccinated’ means you must have had a final dose of an approved vaccine (Moderna, Oxford/AstraZeneca, Pfizer/BioNTech & Janssen vaccine) at least 14 whole days before you arrive in England.

The day you have your final dose does not count as one of the 14 days.

If you were vaccinated with a 2 dose vaccine (such as Moderna, Pfizer or Oxford/AstraZeneca ) you must have had both doses to be considered fully vaccinated. This applies in all cases, even if you have recently recovered from COVID-19 and have natural immunity. Those who have had COVID-19 and have only had one dose of a 2 dose vaccine must follow the rules for unvaccinated arrivals.

Where 2 doses of a vaccine are required for a full course, you can:

  • mix 2 different types of vaccine, for example Oxford/AstraZeneca and Moderna
  • have the 2 vaccinations under 2 different approved programmes

For example, if you’ve had one dose of Oxford/AstraZeneca in the USA and one dose of Moderna in an EU country, you are fully vaccinated.

Mixed vaccines are only permitted if you’re vaccinated under the UK, Europe, USA or UK overseas vaccination programmes.

Natural immunity

Some people may have natural immunity, for example if they’ve had COVID-19.

Some countries relax their entry rules if you have natural immunity. England does not.

Follow the rules for those who are not fully vaccinated if you have natural immunity and haven’t had a full course of an approved vaccine. For example, if you’ve only had 1 dose of Moderna instead of 2.

What counts as fully vaccinated

Proof of vaccination is valid only on condition that it shows a full course of vaccination, i.e.:

  • 1 week after the 2nd dose for double-dose vaccines (Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca);
  • 28 days after the dose for single-dose vaccines (Johnson & Johnson);
Natural immunity
  • 1 week after the dose for vaccines for people who have previously had COVID-19 (only 1 dose necessary). These people must present proof from the NHS that they have previously had COVID-19 and proof that they have had the 1st dose of the vaccine.
Sources: UK Gov - French Consulate

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